Lavrov says Tehran abides by all commitments on Iran nuclear deal

US President Donald Trump's team now faces an October 15 deadline to tell Congress whether it will continue to certify that Iran is complying with the deal.

If Trump decides to decertify Iran's compliance, as expected, Congress will have 60 days to decide whether to "snap back" sanctions that were lifted in exchange for curbs on Iran's nuclear program.

In a Wednesday interview with PBS channel, Federica Mogherini highlighted Iran's full compliance with the 2015 deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), and said, "We have the global community strongly behind the full implementation of the deal".

Will the deal be broken if Trump decertifies it?

"As flawed as the deal is, I believe we must now enforce the hell out of it", said the California lawmaker. It also reported the announcement would probably be Friday and that the administration doesn't want to scrap the deal entirely and proposed a legislative remedy.

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Daniel Kurtzer, a former USA ambassador to Israel who is now a professor at Princeton University, said the political pressure could be intense.

Political observers have warned that any unilateral action by the United States based on unsupported claims of Iranian non-compliance would isolate Washington, impede future efforts for other nonproliferation agreements in the broader global community and increase the likelihood of a wider conflict in the Middle East. There was always the chance he could still have a last-minute change of heart and certify Iran's compliance with the 2015 accord, which he has called an "embarrassment" and the "worst deal ever negotiated".

Iran has already threatened the United States with dire consequences if it imposes sanctions against the country. Trump has twice certified the deal since he took office in January. "We may have to array our forces to prepare for. calibrated strikes".

Iran has said it is open in principle to further discussions, particularly with Europe, but has said its missile programme is non-negotiable.

"Either the [nuclear agreement] will remain as-is, in its entirety, or it will no longer exist", Iran's President Hassan Rouhani said last month at the United Nations.

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Drafts of two proposals seen by The Associated Press, one from Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman Bob Corker and one from committee member and harsh deal critic Senator Tom Cotton, would expand the United States certification criteria to include items that are also the province of the UN nuclear watchdog and require the USA intelligence community to determine if Iran is carrying out illicit activity in facilities to which the International Atomic Energy Agency does not have access. French President Emmanuel Macron has expressed concern about Iran's ballistic missiles and the "sunset" provisions as well. If those sanctions are put back into place, the JCPOA would be considered breached. If any points of the agreement are violated by Iran, sanctions against the country will be renewed. But again, none of that is likely since the US would be essentially tearing up the agreement and taking the blame for whatever comes next.

House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce, R-Calif., who held a hearing on Iranian threats on Wednesday, called the deal a failed "gamble" that Iran would become a responsible actor.

In this environment, many Democrats believe working on the periphery of the deal could be the congressional equivalent of destroying the village to save it.

To win over some conservative Republicans and Iran hawks, Corker and other leaders are considering proposing sanctions on Iran's non-nuclear activities and broader inspections, particularly of Iranian military facilities.

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  • Ryan Wade